Wednesday, May 3, 2023

Deep Fried Japanese – Part Two - Katsu

Laying the deep-fried meat onto a cutting board, the knife is positioned to cut one-inch pieces.  With a deft hand, the blade is pushed downward and a soft “thwack” sound upon the board.  A rocking motion, once forward, once backward, and the one-inch sections comes off cleanly.  The exterior of the batter, at eye inspection, looks rough, heavy and uneven.  Lifting it up, it stays upon the meat which is perfectly cooked throughout.

Dipping one edge into the deep brown, almost black, sauce, bringing it upward towards the mouth; the aroma is savory and enticing.  The first bite, the texture of the coating is actually, light and crispy. As one chews, it begins to melt; the sauce coats the tongue with a sweet, salty, tanginess that makes the eyes roll back into the head.  Such flavor, such richness, how could something so simple, be so sinfully…

…we interrupt our show with a word from our sponsor, Panko.  Panko is Japanese style breadcrumbs which are large, flaky and do not pack together too tightly, so food stays crispier for longer periods of time.  The bread used is crustless white bread that is steamed, then dried before being processed into large flakes.  The flakes do not absorb as much oil as regular ground bread crumbs, enabling a lighter and crispier texture after frying.  Even after being stored, in the refrigerator, for up to 3 days, the texture of the coating still had a less oily, yet crispier texture.  Panko is lower in calories, sodium, and fat, and higher in fiber than regular breadcrumbs, but is not gluten free.  While it is healthier than ground breadcrumbs, moderation is still a key factor when indulging in deep fried foods.





Now to introduce you all to another adventure in consuming deep fried Japanese food, Katsu.  It is 1899, and while chefs in Osaka were developing new ways of using tempura batter; a Tokyo chef, in a restaurant called Rengatei, was creating katsu.  Once again, European influence was the background for the creation.  Instead of simply coating meats with a light flour-based batter, panko was used as the texture would hold up better when paired with a Japanese favorite, curry.  Japanese curry is unlike Indian curry, as it is made using curry powder, oil, and flour.  A roux forms, pureed steamed meat and vegetables are added, and the entire concoction is simmered until a thick sauce forms.  The curry is then served with rice or udon noodles, or made into a bread or bun (encased in dough, covered in panko, and deep fried until golden brown).  Which brings us back to panko, and how to make the most delicious fried cutlets, katsu!

The basic definition of katsu is cutlet, and often applied when using chicken as the main ingredient.  For pork, the word “ton” is added, so tonkatsu; for beef, add “gyu”, so gyukatsu.

The cutlets should be between ½-inch to ¾-inch thickness to ensure the meats are thoroughly cooked, but the panko coating does not over-brown, or burn. 

The best instructions, and recipe, I have come from “Drive Me Hungry” food blog, written by a woman of South Korean ancestry.  While you can go to her site( for the full information, directions, hints and notes, I have simplified them for this article.


Tonkatsu (Pork Cutlets), Katsu (Chicken Cutlets) or Gyukatsu (Beef Cutlets)


2 slices boneless pork chops pounded to ¾ inch thick; 5oz each (or chicken or beef)

1 cup Japanese panko bread crumbs 

½ cup all-purpose flour

1 egg beaten

salt & pepper

vegetable oil for frying


Tonkatsu/Katsu/Gyukatsu Sauce

4 Tbsp. ketchup

2 ½ Tbsp. Worcestershire sauce

1 Tbsp. soy sauce

1/8 tsp. each garlic and onion powder

1 and ½ tsp. sugar (optional)



Make the Tonkatsu/Katsu/Gyukatsu Sauce

Combine the ketchup, Worcestershire sauce, soy sauce, and garlic & onion powder in a small bowl. Taste and add sugar if desired. Set it aside.

Bread the Meat

Prep the cutlets: Cut slits into the white connective tissue on the outer edge of each cutlet. This prevents it from curling up as it cooks. 

Add the egg, flour, and panko bread crumbs to separate bowls. For a crispier crust, mix a tablespoon of flour with the egg to create a thicker egg wash for more bread crumbs to adhere to.

Salt and pepper each cutlet, then coat it in flour and shake off the excess. Next, dip it into the beaten egg and then firmly press it into the panko bread crumbs for a thick, generous layer of breading.  Just before placing in oil, press each cutlet into panko again, as some of the coating may have become soggy while waiting for oil to heat up.


Deep-fry the Cutlets:

Heat oil: In a large heavy-duty pot or fryer, add enough oil to deep fry the cutlets. Heat the oil to 340F over medium heat to ensure the pork fully cooks without burning the bread crumbs. If you don't have a thermometer, drop some bread crumbs into the oil. It's ready when it begins to sizzle.

Fry the cutlets: Gently place a cutlet into the oil and deep-fry for 5 to 6 minutes per side or until meat is fully cooked and the panko coating is golden brown and crispy.

Use a skimmer to clean up loose breadcrumbs and try to keep the oil temperature at 340F. Repeat with the remaining cutlets and work in batches to avoid lowering the oil temperature. 


Serve: Slice the cutlets into 1-inch strips, and serve with sauce, shredded cabbage, and steamed rice.


Makes 2 servings.

Leftovers: Store in an airtight container and keep in the fridge for up to 3 days or freeze for up to 1 month.

Reheat: Reheat in an oven or air fryer at 350F until warm and crispy, about 4 - 7 minutes.

 Yes, the same technique can be used on firm fish such as salmon, cod, or haddock; and on vegetables too.

Salmon, Zucchini Chunks, Fried Rice

My personal experience was that this recipe was spot on for making the most epic katsu.  I used all three meats: chicken, pork, beef; all came out perfectly cooked, and the panko exterior was addicting!  When making the sauce though, I added two teaspoons of sugar, as the soy and Worcestershire sauces made it too salty; the sugar cut this down.

However, I found another sauce recipe which includes hoisin sauce, instead of Worcestershire.  When using the first sauce, I likened it to hoisin due to its dark coloring, and rich, deep flavor.  Hoisin is an entirely different creation, with the only same ingredient used being soy sauce.  Here is the alternative katsu sauce recipe:


1/4 cup ketchup

2 Tbsp. hoisin sauce  

1 Tbsp. low-sodium soy sauce

1 and ½ tsp.  lemon juice

½ tsp. minced garlic


In a small bowl, whisk all ingredients together, set aside until ready to be used.

I hope you have enjoyed this two-part journey in deep fried Japanese cuisine, and in the famous words of Soma Yukihira, “Order up, and you’re welcome!”.


 Mary Cokenour










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